The Pinugo or Muyung System of the Ifugao


The pinugo or muyung is an indigenous system of forest management unique to the people of Ifugao, one of the seven major ethno-linguistic groups inhabiting the Philippine Cordillera.

Adapted since time immemorial, the pinugo/muyung covers clan-owned woodlots or forests located above the rice terraces.
For the Ifugao household, the pinugo/muyong is a source of food, fuel, lumber for housing and woodcarving, medicinal plants, botanical pesticides, irrigation, domestic water, and cash. In addition, it serves as the best preventive measure against soil erosion.

A set of customary laws and values govern the system based on the indigenous principle that intrinsically attached the Ifugao people to the land and environment.

Produced by Kadioan Inc. with the support of Growing Forest Partnership, IIED, and International Alliance of Indigenous and Tribal Peoples of the Tropical Forests.